Diabetes is an auto-immune disease that is spreading across the world with new diagnoses done every day. It is important to know what cause diabetes, what can be done to prevent diabetes, what types of testing for diabetes is done and how to best manage diabetes.

First, let’s look at what types of diabetes there are and what are the causes of them.  Diabetes occurs when the body didn’t produce enough insulin to lower the amounts of glucose in the blood. Insulin is as hormone produced by the pancreas. There are three main types of diabetes:

  • Type I diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes and is a disease that cannot be prevented. It is something that you are born with our not. In type I diabetes has an early onset, usually appearing by age thirty. Some of the key symptoms and signs of type I diabetes is:
    • Extreme Thirst and Hunger
    •  Weight Loss and having a thin build
    • Fatigue
    • Type II diabetesusually has an onset of later in life, typically by age of 55. Type II diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It is becoming more of a concern now that adults and children are being diagnosed with type II diabetes in present times. Just like with type I diabetes there isn’t enough insulin being produced because of the individuals living circumstances. Some of the key symptoms and signs of type II diabetes is:
      • Frequent urination
      • Being overweight or obese
      • Fatigue
      • Gestational diabetes is diabetes that affects a small amount of pregnant women, because of the change in hormones the pancreas is affected in the production of insulin. Onset of gestational diabetes typically happens in the second or third trimesters. After being diagnosis with gestational diabetes the diabetic symptoms usually goes away after deliver and the body’s hormones return back to a more normal level. However, something the diabetes does last and the mother is at a higher risk of developing type II diabetes later on.

What Can Be Done to Prevent Diabetes?

  • Type I diabetes can’t be prevented by type II can be. The biggest risk factors for type II diabetes is being over weighs or obese, poor nutritional habits and inactivity.

What Types of Testing is done to Diagnosis Diabetes?

  • Glycated Hemoglobin (A1C) tests- this measures the average blood sugar levels over the past two or three months to get an idea if there is a problem with the levels of glucose
  • Random Blood Sugar Tests
  • Fasting Blood Sugar Tests

Prevention of Diabetes

  • Once becoming diabetic with the exception of gestational diabetes the person will always be diabetes. Itis important to know how to properly manage and treat the diabetes to be able to stay in good health.
  • The best way to prevent diabetes II from being a possibility is to maintain a healthy weight, be active and eat healthy.

How to Manage Diabetes

  • It is important to frequently test your blood sugar levels.
  • Take medicine and insulin prescribed by your doctor
  • Eat a healthy well balanced diet when eating at home and while eating out with diabetes it is important.
  • Get Active, if you are overweight or obese it is important to lose weight and remain active every day.